A failed state is categorised by a government’s inability to serve the people with the most basic of necessities. Food, water and security are the lowest basic indexes of needs which Zimbabwe is currently failing to provide its citizens. In 2000 Robert Mugabe implemented a rapid land reform program. Almost overnight, over 70% of arable land was reformed from majority white farmers, many beaten or thrown out of their houses in the still of night.
Fourteen years later and the country has declined to be declared a failed state, this coming from the country with the highest legibility rate in Africa. Food resources were wiped out in months and inflation rose at a peak of sextillion percent in one month in the same year. The country rebuked its own currency to adopt the US Dollar in order to halter the affect on individuals which in turn left many with wiped out debts and many others with no worth.
The bread basket of Africa announced this morning that pockets of 2 000 inmates from prisons around Zimbabwe would be released in phases as the cost to house inmates cannot be covered by the government. It has long been known that Chikurubi maximum security prison does not have the resources to house its ever growing inmate population. Food is usually provided by inmates families as rations are too low to sustain life. The fact that the government has now implemented a release of prisoners into society means that the third and final basic necessity of a population (security) cannot be managed.
For a local of Zimbabwe this is disheartening news. Many of the crimes in Zimbabwe are done out of desperation and survival. The duress the people of Zimbabwe are faced with, under the dictatorship leader style of the current government, does little to stem the tide of a country that was once regarded as the heart beat of Africa. Robert Mugabe was once considered a martyr for Zimbabwe and praised with doctorates and accolades by many institutions. That has been turned into sanctions for his kleptocratic ideologies and manner in which the country is being run.
What the future of Zimbabwe holds is any ones guess. Investors are sceptical as a new indigenisation policy that allows any Zimbabwean the right to take control of all foreign owned companies is being implemented and will likely see a worsening in the country’s economy. The road to a better future for Zimbabweans does not seem to be clearly marked out and the driver of the country doesn’t seem to be interested in creating a solution for a country already in disarray.